Cave 3, Badami
The playing surface is carved into the temple floor. One sees this fairly often in Indian temples, and wonders for whom it was intended - the temple personnel, or the builders? The game has been identified by Malcolm J. Watkins (personal communication) as a variant of mancala. This is a very ancient game played in Africa, the Middle East, and Asia that involves placing seeds or pebbles into one's own board, and capturing those on the opponent's board, according to various rules.